Hyundai Elantra: Troubleshooting - ABS(Anti-Lock Brake System) - Brake System - Hyundai Elantra HD 2006Ц2010 Service ManualHyundai Elantra: Troubleshooting


Standard Flow of Diagnostic Troubleshooting

Notes With Regard To Diagnosis
The phenomena listed in the following table are not abnormal.
Phenomenon
Explanation
System check sound
When starting the engine, a thudding sound can sometimes be heard coming
from inside the engine compartment. This is because the system operation
check is being performed.
ABS operation sound
1.
Sound of the motor inside the ABS hydraulic unit operation (whine).
2.
Sound is generated along with vibration of the brake pedal (scraping).
3.
When ABS operates, sound is generated from the vehicle chassis due to
repeated brake application and release
(Thump : suspension; squeak: tires)
ABS operation (Long braking distance)
For road surfaces such as snow-covered and gravel roads, the braking distance for vehicles with ABS can sometimes be longer than that for other vehicles.
Accordingly, advise the customer to drive safely on such roads by lowering the vehicle speed.
Diagnosis detection conditions can vary depending on the diagnosis code. When checking the trouble symptom after
the diagnosis code has been erased, ensure that the requirements listed in "Comment" are met.

ABS Check Sheet

Problem Symptoms Table
If a normal code is displayed during the DTC check but the problem still occurs, check the circuits for each problem symptom in the order given in the table below and proceed to the relevant troubleshooting page.
Symptom
Suspect Area
ABS does not operate.
Only when 1.~ 4. are all normal and the problem is still occurring,
replace the HECU.
1.
Check the DTC reconfirming that the normal code is output.
2.
Power source circuit.
3.
Speed sensor circuit.
4.
Check the hydraulic circuit for leakage.
ABS does not operate intermittently.
Only when 1.~4. are all normal and the problem is still occurring,
replace the ABS actuator assembly.
1.
Check the DTC reconfirming that the normal code is output.
2.
Wheel speed sensor circuit.
3.
Stop lamp switch circuit.
4.
Check the hydraulic circuit for leakage.
Communication with Scan tool is not possible.
(Communication with any system is not possible)
1.
Power source circuit
2.
Diagnosis line
Communication with Scan tool is not possible.
(Communication with ABS only is not possible)
1.
Power source circuit
2.
Diagnosis line
3.
HECU
When ignition key is turned ON (engine OFF), the ABS warning lamp does not light up.
1.
ABS warning lamp circuit
2.
HECU
Even after the engine is started, the ABS warning lamp remains ON.
1.
ABS warning lamp circuit
2.
HECU

During ABS operation, the brake pedal may vibrate or may not be able to be depressed. Such phenomena are due to intermittent changes in hydraulic pressure inside the brake line to prevent the wheels from locking and is not an abnormality.

Detecting Condition
Trouble Symptoms
Possible Cause
Brake operation varies depending on driving conditions and road surface conditions, so diagnosis can be difficult. However if a normal DTC is displayed, check the following probable cause. When the problem is still occurring, replace the ABS control module.
-
Inoperative power source circuit
-
Inoperative wheel speed sensor circuit
-
Inoperative hydraulic circuit for leakage
-
Inoperative HECU

Inspection Procedures
DTC Inspection
1.
Connect the Scan Tool with the data link connector and turn the ignition switch ON.
2.
Is the ABS MIL on?

▶ Check the power source circuit.

▶ Read DTC and troubleshoot said DTC.

Check the Power Source Circuit
1.
Disconnect the connector from the ABS control module.
2.
Turn the ignition switch ON, measure the voltage between terminal 18 of the ABS control module harness side connector and body ground.

Specification: approximately B+

3.
Is the voltage within specification?

▶ Check the ground circuit.

▶ Check the harness or connector between the fuse (10A) in the engine compartment junction block and the ABS control module. Repair if necessary.

Check the Ground Circuit
1.
Disconnect the connector from the ABS control module.
2.
Check for continuity between terminals 1,4 of the ABS control module harness side connector and ground point.
3.
Is there continuity?

▶ No further action is required.

▶ Repair an open in the wire and ground point.

Check the Hydraulic Circuit
1.
Refer to the DTC troubleshooting procedures.
2.
Is the system operating to specifications?

▶ Check for DTC troublecodes.

▶ Check the hydraulic circuit for leakage.

Check the Hydraulic Circuit for Leakage
1.
Refer to the hydraulic lines.
2.
Inspect leakage of the hydraulic lines.
3.
Is the system operating to specifications?

▶ The problem is still occurring, replace the ABS control module.

▶ Replace the leaking hydraulic lines.

Detecting Condition
Trouble Symptoms
Possible Cause
Brake operation varies depending on driving conditions and road surface conditions, so diagnosis can be difficult. However if a normal DTC is displayed, check the following probable cause. When the problem is still occurring, replace the ABS control module.
-
Inoperative power source circuit
-
Inoperative wheel speed sensor circuit
-
Inoperative hydraulic circuit for leakage
-
Inoperative HECU

Inspection Procedures
DTC Inspection
1.
Connect the Scan Tool with the data link connector and turn the ignition switch ON.
2.
Is the ABS MIL on?

▶ Check the wheel speed sensor circuit.

▶ Read DTC and troubleshoot said DTC.

Check for DTCТs
1.
Refer to the DTC troubleshooting procedures.
2.
Is the system operating to specifications?

▶ Check the stop lamp switch circuit.

▶ Repair or replace the wheel speed sensor.

Check the Stop Lamp Switch Circuit
1.
Check that stop lamp lights up when brake pedal is depressed and turns off when brake pedal is released.
2.
Measure the voltage between terminal 20 of the ABS control module harness side connector and body ground when brake pedal is depressed.

Specification : approximately B+

3.
Is the voltage within specification?

▶ Check for DTC troublecodes.

▶ Repair the stop lamp switch. Repair an open in the wire between the ABS control module and the stop lamp switch.

Check the Hydraulic Circuit for Leakage
1.
Refer to the hydraulic lines.
2.
Inspect leakage of the hydraulic lines.
3.
Is the system operating to specifications?

▶ The problem is still occurring, replace the ABS control module.

▶ Replace the leaking hydraulic lines.

Detecting Condition
Trouble Symptoms
Possible Cause
Possible malfunction in the power supply system (including ground) for the diagnosis line.
-
An open in the wire
-
Poor ground
-
Inoperative power source circuit

Inspection Procedures
Check the Power Supply Circuit for the Diagnosis
1.
Measure the voltage between terminal 9 of the data link connector and body ground.

Specification : approximately B+

2.
Is voltage within specification?

▶ Check the ground circuit for the diagnosis.

▶ Repair an open in the wire. Check and replace fuse (15A) from the engine compartment junction block.

Check the Ground Circuit for the Diagnosis
1.
Check for continuity between terminal 5 of the data link connector and body ground.
2.
Is there continuity?

▶ Repair an open in the wire between terminal 5 of the data link connector and ground point.

Detecting Condition
Trouble Symptoms
Possible Cause
When communication with Scan Tool is not possible, the cause may be probably an open in the HECU power circuit or an open in the diagnosis output circuit.
-
An open in the wire
-
Inoperative HECU
-
Inoperative power source circuit

Inspection Procedures
Check for Continuity in the Diagnosis Line
1.
Disconnect the connector from the ABS control module.
2.
Check for continuity between terminals 11 of the ABS control module connector and 1 of the data link connector.
3.
Is there continuity?

▶ Check the power source of ABS control module.

▶ Repair an open in the wire.

Check the Power Source of ABS Control Module
1.
Disconnect the connector from the ABS control module.
2.
Turn the ignition switch ON, measure the voltage between terminal 18 of the ABS control module harness side connector and body ground.

Specification : approximately B+

3.
Is voltage within specification?

▶ Check for poor ground.

▶ Check the harness or connector between the fuse (10A) in the engine compartment junction block and the ABS control module.Repair if necessary.

Check for Poor Ground
1.
Check for continuity between terminal 5 of the data link connector and ground point.

▶ Replace the ABS control module and recheck.

▶ Repair an open in the wire or poor ground.

Detecting Condition
Trouble Symptoms
Possible Cause
When current flows in the HECU the ABS warning lamp turns from ON to OFF as the initial check. Therefore if the lamp does not light up, the cause may be an open in the lamp power supply circuit, a blown bulb, an open in the both circuits between the ABS warning lamp and the HECU, and the inoperative HECU.
-
Inoperative ABS warning lamp bulb
-
Blown No.2 fuse (10A) in the engine compartment junction block
-
Inoperative ABS warning lamp module
-
Inoperative HECU

Inspection Procedures
Problem Verification
1.
Disconnect the connector from the ABS control module and turn the ignition switch ON.
2.
Does the ABS warning lamp light up?

▶ It is normal. Recheck the ABS control module.

▶ Check the power source for the ABS warning lamp.

Check the Power Source for the ABS Warning Lamp
1.
Disconnect the instrument cluster connector(M01-8) and turn the ignition switch ON.
2.
Measure the voltage between terminal 3 of the cluster harness side connector(M01-8) and body ground.

Specification : approximately B+

3.
Is voltage within specification?

▶ Repair bulb or instrument cluster assembly.

▶ Check for blown fuse.

Check for Blown Fuse
1.
Check continuity of fuse (10A) from the engine compartment junction block.
2.
Is there continuity?

▶ Repair an open in the wire between ABS fuse and 3 of cluster connector(M01-8).

▶ Replace the blown fuse.

Detecting Condition
Trouble Symptoms
Possible Cause
If the HECU detects trouble, it lights the ABS warning lamp while at the same time prohibiting ABS control. At this time, the HECU records a DTC in memory. Even though the normal code is output, the ABS warning lamp remains ON, then the cause may be probably an open or short in the ABS warning lamp circuit.
-
An open in the wire
-
Inoperative instrument cluster assembly
-
Inoperative ABS warning lamp module
-
Inoperative HECU

Inspection Procedures
Check DTC Output
1.
Connect the Scan Tool to the 16P data link connector located behind the driver's side kick panel.
2.
Check the DTC output using Scan Tool.
Schematic Diagrams
ABS Circuit Diagram(1) ABS Circuit Diagram(2) ECU Connector Input/Output(ABS) Wire No. Designation Current max.permissible wire resista ...

ABS Control Unit. Components and Components Location
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